1st Battalion, Alabama
1st Artillery Battalion, organized at Fort Morgan, Alabama, in February,
1861, entered Confederate service in March.
Containing six companies, members of the unit were recruited in the
cities of Mobile, Selma, and Montgomery. It served in or near Mobile
throughout the war and was placed under the command of Generals Shoup,
Higgins, and Page.
During August, 1864, more than 400 men were captured when Fort Gaines and
Morgan fell, but a detachment continued the fight at Spanish Fort and Fort
Blakely . In March, 1865, a small number moved to Choctaw Bluff and were
included in the surrender of the Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and
East Louisiana. The field officers were Lieutenant Colonels Robert C.
Forsyth and James T. Gee, and Major J. M. Cary.
Many were sent to New Orleans then placed onboard ships, sent to New York
and placed on trains to Elmira "Helmira" New York.