Montgomery AL

1st Battalion, Alabama Artillery

1st Artillery Battalion, organized at Fort Morgan, Alabama, in February, 1861, entered Confederate service in March.

Containing six companies, members of the unit were recruited in the cities of Mobile, Selma, and Montgomery. It served in or near Mobile throughout the war and was placed under the command of Generals Shoup, Higgins, and Page.

During August, 1864, more than 400 men were captured when Fort Gaines and Morgan fell, but a detachment continued the fight at Spanish Fort and Fort Blakely . In March, 1865, a small number moved to Choctaw Bluff and were included in the surrender of the Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana. The field officers were Lieutenant Colonels Robert C. Forsyth and James T. Gee, and Major J. M. Cary.

Many were sent to New Orleans then placed onboard ships, sent to New York and placed on trains to Elmira "Helmira"  New York.


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Passing of Forts Morgan and Gaines

Location: Mobile County and Baldwin County Alabama

Campaign: Operations in Mobile Bay (1864)

Date : August 2-23, 1864

Principal Commanders: Adm. David G. Farragut and Maj. Gen. Gordon Granger [US]; Adm. Franklin Buchanan and Brig. Gen. Richard L. Page [CS]

Forces Engaged: Farragutís Fleet (14 wooden ships and 4 monitors) and U.S. army forces near Mobile [US]; Buchananís Flotilla (3 gunboats and an ironclad), Fort Morgan Garrison, Fort Gaines Garrison, and Fort Powell Garrison [CS]

Estimated Casualties: 1,822 (US 322; CS 1,500)

Description: A combined Union force initiated operations to close Mobile Bay to blockade running. Some Union forces landed on Dauphin Island and laid siege to Fort Gaines. On August 5, Farragutís Union fleet of eighteen ships entered Mobile Bay and received a devastating fire from Forts Gaines and Morgan and other points.  After passing the forts, Farragut forced the Confederate naval forces, under Adm. Franklin Buchanan, to surrender, which effectively closed Mobile Bay. By August 23, Fort Morgan, the last big holdout, fell, shutting down the port. The city, however, remained uncaptured.

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This site last updated 01/16/2011                                      Col. Thomas Hardeman, Jr.  UDC Chapter 2170 Macon, Ga.


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